Sippar


Sippar
   According to both Sumerian and later more general Mesopotamian mythology, one of the five special cities chosen by the gods to rule the land of Sumer following the ravages of the great flood. Located about 16 miles (26 km) south of modern Baghdad, Sippar (modern Tell Abu Habah) was called Zimbir by the Sumerians and Sippar or Sippara by the Akkadians (Assyrians and Babylonians). It was first excavated by pioneering archaeologist Hor-muzd Rassam in 1881.
   Rassam and other experts found a number of artifacts that seemed to confirm the city's legendary status as the major sacred home of the Sumerian sun god, Utu, whom the Assyrians and the Babylonians called Shamash. First, there were the ruins of Utu's White Temple, called the Ebabbar in Sumerian and the Bit-Un in Semitic tongues. Excavators also discovered a series of two-room houses aligned along parallel streets not far from the temple. The prevailing theory is that these were the residences of Utu's priestesses, the daughters of well-to-do Mesopotamian families sent to Sippar to serve the god. In addition, tens of thousands of cuneiform tablets were found in the temple's ruins, records of that holy institution.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • Sippar — y Babilonia durante la dinastía casitas, siglo XIII a. C. Sippar (Zimbir in sumerio, Sippar en asirio babilonio, es el nombre de dos ciudades cercanas de la Baja Mesopotamia situadas en la orilla oriental del río …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sippar — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sippar — (Sumerian Zimbir bird city , modern Tell Abu Habbah, Iraq), was an ancient Sumerian and later Babylonian city on the east bank of the Euphrates, some 60 km north of Babylon.It was divided into two parts, Sippar of the Sun god and Sippar of the… …   Wikipedia

  • SIPPAR — Dès le SIPPAR IIIe millénaire, Sippar est une des grandes villes de la Mésopotamie. Le site est exploré à la fin du XIXe siècle (H. Rassam, V. Scheil), mais ce sont surtout les très nombreuses tablettes qui en proviennent, venues le plus souvent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sippar — 33° 03′ 32″ N 44° 15′ 08″ E / 33.05882, 44.25215 Sippar (sans doute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SIPPAR — (modern ABU HABBAH and TELLED DER)    Babylonian city on the river Euphrates. It was excavated by Hormuzd Rassam (c. 1880), Vincent Scheil (1894), and a Belgian team from 1972 to 1973, and since 1978 by Iraqi archaeologists. The site was occupied …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Sippar — /si pahr /, n. an ancient Babylonian city on the Euphrates, in SE Iraq. * * * Ancient city, Babylonia. It is located southwest of modern Baghdad on the Euphrates River. From the 3rd millennium BC, it was a centre of worship of the Sumerian sun… …   Universalium

  • Sippar — Sịppar,   altbabylonische Stadt, heute der Ruinenhügel Ạbu Hạbba, 45 km südwestlich von Bagdad am Euphrat; Sippar war eine der dreizehn Städte von Sumer und Hauptkultort des Sonnengottes Schamasch. Unter Hammurapi wurde hier wahrscheinlich die …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sippar — geographical name ancient city of Babylonia on the Euphrates SSW of modern Baghdad …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sippar — noun An ancient Sumerian and later Babylonian city on the east bank of the Euphrates, some 60 km north of Babylon, in what is now Tell Abu Habbah, Iraq …   Wiktionary